Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:68:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:109:\"Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:88:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1148;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:178:\"Declaration of content_handler_field::element_type() should be compatible with views_handler_field::element_type($none_supported = false, $default_empty = false, $inline = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:103:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:229;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of date_handler_field_multiple::pre_render() should be compatible with content_handler_field_multiple::pre_render($values)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:91:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/date/date/date_handler_field_multiple.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:185;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:132:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:87:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:128:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:87:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:108:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:87:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:89:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:599;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:110:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:89:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:599;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:127:\"Declaration of views_plugin_query::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:181;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:102:\"Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options()\";s:5:\"%file\";s:94:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:24;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:130:\"Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:136;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:68:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:136:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:91:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:917;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:112:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:91:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:917;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:139:\"Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_argument_validate.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:87;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:68:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:68:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:101:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.180.97' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:101:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/protecting-sources-and-whistleblowers-international', '', '54.166.245.10', 1526928276) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135
Protecting Sources and Whistleblowers: International | CJFE
 

Protecting Sources and Whistleblowers: International

Journalists rely on their ability to protect a source’s identity when that person asks for anonymity in return for speaking about sensitive issues. However, few countries have absolute “shield laws” protecting a journalist’s right not to reveal a source’s identity. In Canada, the protection of sources is argued on a case-by-case basis, and they are often protected based on public interest arguments. However, many whistleblowers face dismissal if outed. They also may have to endure lengthy legal battles and vilification for coming forward and speaking up in the public interest.

Canada has a dismal history of protecting whistleblowers (other than some cases where the media is seeking to protect their identity). Little appears to have changed despite the passing in 2007 of the Public Servants Disclosure Protection Act and the creation of the Office of the Public Sector Integrity Commissioner.

Protecting Sources and Whistleblowers