Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:68:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:109:\"Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:88:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1148;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:178:\"Declaration of content_handler_field::element_type() should be compatible with views_handler_field::element_type($none_supported = false, $default_empty = false, $inline = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:103:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:229;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of date_handler_field_multiple::pre_render() should be compatible with content_handler_field_multiple::pre_render($values)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:91:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/date/date/date_handler_field_multiple.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:185;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:132:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:87:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:128:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:87:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:108:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:87:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:89:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:599;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:110:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:89:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:599;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:127:\"Declaration of views_plugin_query::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:181;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:102:\"Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options()\";s:5:\"%file\";s:94:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:24;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:130:\"Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:136;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:68:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:136:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:91:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:917;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:112:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:91:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:917;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:139:\"Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_argument_validate.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:87;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:68:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:68:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1118;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:101:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135

Warning: INSERT command denied to user 'dbo344192829'@'74.208.56.108' for table 'watchdog' query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:101:\"/homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://archive.cjfe.org/content/censorship-international', '', '54.158.199.217', 1537558203) in /homepages/29/d343349881/htdocs/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 135
Censorship: International | CJFE
 

Censorship: International

Censorship is typically considered to be the removal or blocking of information, speech or expression. It also includes “self-censorship,” where individuals or organizations limit what they say for fear of repercussions.

In Canada, censorship is more often subtle than blatant. Currently, it takes many forms such as the muzzling of federal scientists, refusing activists entry into Canada, book seizures at the border and libel chill. The common denominator is that voices are silenced.

Censorship